מה המצב חברים? יש לכם מבחן TOEFL בקרוב? :-(
הנה דוגמה למשימת הכתיבה האינטגרטיבית, הראשונה מבין שתי משימות הכתיבה במבחן TOEFL. כידוע לכל מי שיש לו טופל בקרוב, במשימה זו אתם מתבקשים לקרוא טקסט קצר, לשמוע קטע הרצאה הסותרת את הנאמר בטקסט ואז לסכם את מה שקראתם ושמעתם ב 150 עד 200 מילים ובזמן של עשרים דקות. פנאן לגמרי.
אז נתחיל בקריאת הטקסט, ויש לכם שלוש דקות לטובת העניין אז קדימה:
Professors are normally found in university classrooms, offices, and libraries doing
research and lecturing to their students. More and more, however, they also appear
as guests on television news programs, giving expert commentary on the latest
events in the world. These television appearances are of great benefit to the professors
themselves as well as to their universities and the general public.
Professors benefit from appearing on television because by doing so they
acquire reputations as authorities in their academic fields among a much wider
audience than they have on campus. If a professor publishes views in an academic
journal, only other scholars will learn about and appreciate those views. But when
a professor appears on TV, thousands of people outside the narrow academic
community become aware of the professor’s ideas. So when professors share
their ideas with a television audience, the professors’ importance as scholars is
Universities also benefit from such appearances. The universities receive positive
publicity when their professors appear on TV. When people see a knowledgeable
faculty member of a university on television, they think more highly of that
university. That then leads to an improved reputation for the university. And that
improved reputation in turn leads to more donations for the university and more
applications from potential students.
Finally, the public gains from professors’ appearing on television. Most television
viewers normally have no contact with university professors. When professors
appear on television, viewers have a chance to learn from experts and to be
exposed to views they might otherwise never hear about. Television is generally
a medium for commentary that tends to be superficial, not deep or thoughtful.
From professors on television, by contrast, viewers get a taste of real expertise and
הקשבתם? אוקיי, הנה התשובה. הדגשתי בה חלקים בהם אתם מוזמנים להשתמש בתשובות שלכם לכל שאלה מסוג 1 ב TOEFL Writing:
Both the text and the lecture deal with professors who appear on television. While the text argues that such appearances benefit the professors, the universities, and the viewers at home, the lecturer brings evidence to the contrary.
First, the text claims that professors who appear on TV gain a large audience and increase their reputation. However, the lecturer states that in fact, colleagues of those professors may view them as entertainers rather than as serious academics, which might hurt the media professors’ good names.
Second, the text contends that when professors go live on TV, the universities in which they teach also gain exposure to a large audience, and thus may get more donations and more applications from prospects. Conversely, says the lecturer, when professors prepare for and appear on TV, they waste precious time that should have been invested in research and in teaching.
Last, the text claims that the viewers at home can benefit from deep discussions when professors participate in TV programs. That is not the case, claims the lecturer: TV channels only care about professors for their titles. Hence, even when professors are asked to appear on the air, they discuss matters at a somewhat shallow level.